北京11选5

HUANYINGLAIDAOYANGZHOUSHIHONGDASILIAOYOUXIANGONGSIGUANFANGWANGZHAN!

梅雨季节水产饲料易霉变,如何有效管理它?

发表时间:2020-03-24 浏览次数:77

MEIYUJIJIE,QIHOUCHAOSHI,YOUSUIZHEQIWENSHENGGAO,WEISILIAOMEIBIANCHUANGZAOLETIAOJIAN。SILIAOMEIBIANQINGZHEZAOCHENGSILIAOSHIKOUXINGJIANGDI,DAOZHISHUICHANDONGWUSHIYUJIANTUI,SHENGZHANGHUANMAN,ZHONGZHEDAOZHISHUICHANDONGWUTINEIDUWUCANLIU,ZAOCHENGZHONGDUSIWANG。YINCI,SILIAOMEIBIANBIXUJIAYIZHONGSHI,YOUXIAOGUANLIHAOSHUICHANSILIAOZHIGUANZHONGYAO。


一、饲料霉变的危害


1、MEIJUNDUSUDUICHUQINDEWEIHAI。SILIAOZHONGMEIJUNDUSUDUICHUQINDEWEIHAIZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAI,SHENGZHANGCHIHUAN、HUANGDAN、YIYU、YANSHI、BEIMAOCULUAN、GANSHENSUNSHANG、MIANYIYIZHI、SHOUJINGLVDI、SILIAOZHUANHUALVDIDENGFANGMIAN。


2、SILIAOMEIBIANDUIRENLEIDEWEIHAI。CHUQINSHIYONGLEMEIBIANDESILIAO,HUIZAIROUDANNAIZHONGYOUCANLIU,TONGGUOSHIWULIANDUIRENTIJIANKANGZAOCHENGWEIHAI,DAOZHIJIXING、AIBIAN、MIANYIYIZHIDENG。


二、饲料发生霉变的原因


(1)KONGQISHIDUHEHUANJINGWENDU


SILIAOFAMEISHIJISHANGSHIMEIJUNDALIANGSHENGZHANGHEFANZHIDEJIEGUO,ERMEIJUNZAISILIAOZHONGSHENGZHANGHEFANZHIXUYAOYIDINGDEWENDUHESHIDU。SILIAOZHONGCHANGJIANDEMEIJUNYOU:QUMEIJUNSHU、QINGMEIJUNSHUHELIANDAOJUNSHU。QIZHONGDABUFENSHUYUWENXINGXINGWEISHENGWU,ZUISHISHENGZHANGWENDUYIBANWEI22-30℃。QIZHONGQUMEIJUNSHUZUISHISHENGZHANGWENDUWEI30℃ZUOYOU,QINGMEIJUNSHUWEI25℃ZUOYOU,LIANDAOJUNSHUWEI22℃ZUOYOU。SHANGSHUJIZHONGMEIJUNDUIHUANJINGSHIDUYAOQIUJIAOGAO,ZUISHIDEXIANGDUISHIDUZAI80%YISHANG。YINCI,MEIJUNDESHENGZHANGHEFANZHIYUDIQUQIHOUTIAOJIANHEJIJIEMIQIEXIANGGUAN。CONGQUANGUOFANWEILAISHUO,NANFANGDIQUHEHUAZHONGDIQUDADAGAOYUBEIFANGDIQU。WOGUONANFANGDIQU,5-9YUEFENPINGJUNQIWENJUNZAI22℃YISHANG,XIANGDUISHIDUZAI80%YISHANG,ZHEIZHONGGAOWENGAOSHIDEHUANJINGTIAOJIAN,TEBIESHIMEIYUJIJIE,MEIJUNSHENGZHANGFANZHIZUIWEIWANGSHENG,SILIAOMEIBIANDADUOFASHENGZAIZHEIGEJIJIE。ZHANGQIDEMEIYUJIJIEDAOZHIKONGQISHIDUZAI85%YISHANG,HUANJINGWENDUZAI22-30℃,ZAIZHEIZHONGTIAOJIANXIAMEIJUNDALIANGSHENGZHANGFANZHI,DAOZHISILIAOFAMEIDEQINGKUANGFEICHANGPUBIAN,JISILIAOCHANG、JINGXIAOSHANGYIJIYANGZHIHUZAOCHENGYANZHONGDEJINGJISUNSHI。


(2)SILIAOSHUIFENGAO,SILIAOWENDUYUHUANJINGWENCHADAYINQI


北京11选5DANGSILIAOSHUIFENGAOYU14%SHI,ZAICHUCUNSHIRONGYIFAMEI。SILIAOSHUIFENGAOYU14%ZUIYAOSHISHENGCHANPEIHESILIAOSHIMEIJINGGUOGANZAOHELENGQUE,ERXIANZAIDEDAXINGSILIAOJIAGONGCHANGLENGQUESHEBEIXINGNENGHENHAO,SHISILIAOSHUIFENKONGZHIZAI12%YINEI,YIBANBUHUIZHIJIEDAOZHISILIAOFAMEI。DANSHIDANGSILIAOJINGGUOYUNSHUHUOZAIQITADIFANGCHUCUNSHIJINGGUOBAOSHAISHISILIAOWENDUSHENGGAO,DANGHUANJINGWENDUXIAJIANGSHI,DAOZHIHUANJINGYUSILIAOZHIJIANXINGCHENGYIGEWENCHA,CONGERSHISILIAOBAOZHUANGDAIBIANYUANXINGCHENGYICENG“QISHUI”(HAOBIDONGTIANZAIWUZILIYIYANG,WUNEIWAIDEWENCHAHUISHIBOLISHANGHUIXINGCHENGYICENGSHUIZHU)。DAOZHISILIAOBAOZHUANGDAINEIBIANYUANSHUIFENSHENGGAOCONGERDAOZHIFAMEI。


(3)SILIAOJIAGONGBUDANG


ZAISHENGCHANKELILIAOSHI,LENGQUEQICHUXIANYICHANG,DAOZHISILIAOWENDUJIAOGAO,YINWENCHADAERSHIQIFAMEI(SILIAOCHANGDABAOSHIYAOQIUSILIAOYUHUANJINGWENCHABUCHAOGUO3℃,YINCIKEYIBIMIANCILEIQINGKUANGDEFASHENG)。LENGQUEQICHUXIANYICHANGHAIHUIZHIJIEDAOZHISILIAOSHUIFENGAO(SILIAOSHUIFENJIANCEZUOWEICHUCHANGJIANYANDEBIJIANZHIBIAO,YIBANBUHUIFASHENG)。


QICI,ZAISILIAOZHILIGUOCHENGZHONG,TISHENGLIAODOUHEGUANDAOZHONGJICUNDEWULIAOKEXINGCHENGMEIKUAI,TUOLUOHOUJINRUCHENGPINCANGHEBAOZHUANGDAI,YINQIZHENGBAOSILIAOFAMEI。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGFASHENGDEBILIHENSHAO,BUHUIDAOZHICHENGPISILIAOFAMEI。


(4)SILIAOCHUCUNYUYUNSHUBUDANG


SILIAOCANGKUCHAOSHI,SILIAOBAOZHUANGPOSUN(SHANGXIAHUO、YUNSHU、SHUHAIDENG),SILIAOCUNFANGDEWEIZHIWEIJINGQINGSAO,DIMIANYOUWULIAOERFAMEICONGERCHUANRANSILIAO(MEIJUNWURANYOUJIECHUCHUANRANXING)。SILIAODUIDUOBUHELI,KUCUNSHIJIANZHANG,YUNSHUHECUNFANGGUOCHENGZHONGSHOUDAOYULIN,BAOSHAIDENG,DOUJIYIYINQISILIAOMEIBIAN。


三、饲料发霉原因的判断


北京11选5(1)JINFENGKOUCHUFAMEI:CIZHONGQINGKUANGZHUYAOSHIYOUYUKONGQISHIDUDA,KONGQIZHONGSHUIFENZHUANYIDAOSILIAOFENGKOUCHU,DAOZHIFENGKOUBUWEISHUIFENPIANGAO,RUOWENDUGAO,ZEYUFENGKOUCHUSILIAOJIYIFAMEI。CILEIQINGKUANGYIBANZHIJIANFENGKOUCHUYOUFAMEIXIANXIANG,YOUMEIKUAI,CHENGPIFAMEI。


(2)DAIZIBIANYUANFAMEI:DAIZIBIANYUANFAMEIZHUYAOSHIYOUSILIAOHEHUANJINGWENCHAGUODAYINQI,WENCHAGUODA,DAIZINEISILIAOSHUIFENZHUANYIDAODAIZIBIANYUANERSHIJUBUSHUIFENPIANGAO,CONGERYINQIBIANYUANFAMEI。CILEIFAMEIYIBANZAIDAIZIBIANYUANYOUMEIKUAI,DUIDUODICENGHEZHONGJIANBAOZHUANGDUOJIAN。


(3)DAINEIJUNYUNFAMEI:CILEIFAMEIYIBANSHIZAIZHENGCHANGCUNFANGTIAOJIANXIA,SILIAOSHUIFENGAO,HUOCUNFANGSHIJIANZHANGYINQI,CHENGPISILIAOFAMEI。


(4)DAINEIYOUXIAOMEIKUAI:KENENGSHISILIAOJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGSHEBEISHANGTUOLUODEMEIKUAI。CIZHONGQINGKUANGYIBANSHIGEBIEBAOZHUANGFASHENG,BUHUICHENGPISUIZHEQIWENSHENGGAO,WEISILIAOMEIBIANCHUANGZAOLETIAOJIAN。


四、预防措施


北京11选51、SILIAOYUANLIAOKONGZHI。YANGEKONGZHIHAOSILIAOHUOYUANLIAOZAICHUZANG、JIAGONG、YUNSHUDENGGUOCHENGZHONGDEWENDU、SHIDU、SHUIFENHANLIANG(YIBANKONGZHIZAI12%YINEI)。


2、JIAQIANGSILIAODEBAOGUAN。SILIAOZHUCUNCHANGDIYINGNEIWAIQINGJIEWEISHENG,YOUFANGCHAO、FANGCHONG、FANGSHU、FANGNIAO、FANGMEIBIANDENGSHESHI;LVSEFUXISILIAOYUANLIAOJICHENGPINYINGDANDUZHUCUN;SILIAOZHUCUNQIJIANYINGZHUYIWENDU、SHIDUDEBIANHUA,DINGQIJINXINGCHOUYANGJIANCHA,FAXIANBIANZHISILIAOYINGJISHIWUHAIHUACHULI。


3、XUANZEYOUXIAODEFANGMEIJIJIDUSUXIFUJI。FANGMEIJINENGFANGZHISILIAOMEIBIAN,DUSUXIFUJIKEXIFUSILIAOZHONGYUANYOUDEDUSUJICHUZANGZHONGCHANSHENGDEDUSU。


五、对轻微霉变饲料的处理


1、WULIHUAXUEFA。LIYONGZHONGCAOYAOXUNZHENGFA,YANGHUAJIFA,RUSUANJUNHECUSUANJUNDENGWEISHENGWUFA,HUOBUCHONGXIDENGYINGYANGYUANSUKEJIANGDIHUANGQUMEIDUSUDUXING。YOUYUCHULIHOURENGYOUDUSUCANLIU,YINGXIANLIANGSIWEI,BINGTIANJIAHUANGJUNMEIDUSUXIFUJI。


2、MEIJIEFA。LIYONGMEIDEZHUANYIQINHEXING,GAOXIAOCUIHUA、JIANGJIEHUANGQUMEIDUSUWEIWUDUHUAHEWU。MEIJIANGJIEQUCHUMEIJUNDUSUXIAOGUOHAO、SHIYONGXINGQIANG,DANMEIYIBEIGAOWENHUOSUANDUSUOPOHUAIQIEFENJIEHOUDECHANWUHAIKENENGYOUDU,YINCIXUYAOZHUYI。


3、XIFUFA。CHANGYONGDEXIFUJIYOUFEISHI、HUOXINGTANDENG,ZHEILEIXIFUJITIANJIALIANGDA,YOUDEYOUFUZUOYONG,YOUDEHAIXIFUYANGFENHEKANGSHENGSU。LINGYILEISHIJIAOMUXIBAOBILEICHANPIN。


北京11选54、FUSHEHUOBAOSHAIFA。DUIQINGWEIMEIBIANDEYUANLIAOYONGFUSHEHUOBAOSHAIDEBANFACHULI,KEPOHUAIQIZHONG50%-90%DEHUANGQUMEIDUSU。